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在美国区苹果商铺App Store里,最受欢迎的17款屏幕运用时刻和爸爸妈妈操控运用中,有11款已被苹果删去或约束上架。这些运用程序开发商以为,正是由于苹果自己推出了屏幕运用时刻操控运用,形成了竞赛,所以被强制删去和下架。

苹果则表明,这些运用程序——尤其是爸爸妈妈操控运用程序被移除,是由于它们运用了移动设备管理技能,这项技能答应第三方拜访“用户方位、运用程序运用、电子邮件账户、相机权限和阅读前史”等信息。换句话说,苹果表明,删去这些运用程序是为了维护用户隐私。究竟是苹果独占竞赛,仍是维护客户隐私?苹果和相关运用程序开发企业现在仍争执不下。

在《纽约时报》(New York Times)最近的一篇报导称,苹果删去或约束了17个下载量最多的家长操控和屏幕时刻运用程序中的11个,并撤销了其他运用程序,理由很简单:“它们将用户的隐私和安全置于危险之中。”

但竞赛对手以为,这是出于竞赛意图,由于苹果在2018年9月推出了自己的屏幕时刻东西,作为iOS 12的一部分。

运用程序被删去的公司之一OurPact回应苹果称,苹果的声明具有误导性。该公司在Medium网站发布声明《曾经有一个运用程序可以做到这一点》(There Used To Be a App For That),表明这个问题首要聚集移动设备管理技能。苹果在声明中称,移动设备管理技能具有“高度侵入性”,由于它让第三方“操控和拜访设备及其最灵敏的信息,包含用户方位、运用程序运用、电子邮件账户、相机权限和阅读前史”。尽管苹果弥补说移动设备管理技能有一些合法的用处,但一起表明,该技能危险极高,或许被黑客用于歹意意图。

OurPact公司的回应辩驳称:“苹果的声明与移动设备管理技能开始是由苹果开发的,意图是保证远程管理设备上的私有数据的安全性这一事实相对立。”该公司还指出,苹果自己的文档中指出,经过移动设备管理技能,并不能看到电子邮件、日历、imessage、设备方位、运用程序运用频率等个人数据。

“为了弄清这一点,”该公司写道,“咱们的运用程序不能经过移动设备管理技能拜访任何私家信息。咱们公司、黑客或任何人都不或许取得它。苹果是仅有可以拜访和运用这些数据的公司。”

该公司还表明,它自己的运用程序搜集的灵敏信息——包含孩子的名字、年纪、性别、装置的运用程序和方位——是它以为“肯定有必要为咱们供给服务”的数据,而且只会“尽或许短的时刻”保存。

依据《今天美国》的最新报导,该媒体现已联系了苹果,到现在,苹果还没有对OurPact公司的回应宣布谈论。

Pulls Apps from App Store Under the Guise of Privacy Protection

Of the 17 most popular screen-time and parental-control apps in the App Store, 11 have been removed or restricted by . The app makers believe they are being punished for competing with "s own screen-time control tools。 says that the applications - specifically, the parental-control apps - were removed because of their use of Mobile Device Management, a technology that gave third parties access to information such as “user location, app use, email accounts, camera permissions and browsing history.” In other words,

says it removed the apps to protect the privacy of the children and parents who installed them.

responded to a recent New York Times report that it removed or restricted 11 of the 17 most downloaded parental control and screen-time apps and clamped down on others for what the company claims was a simple reason: “they put users" privacy and security at risk.”

But rivals contend it was done for competitive purposes, since

launched its own Screen Time tools in Septr 2018, as part of iOS 12.

Now one of the companies whose app was removed, OurPact, is responding to "s response. In a post on Medium, titled “There Used To Be An App For That,” OurPact claims "s statement is misleading.

The issue surrounds what is known as Mobile Device Management technology, which

in its statement describes as “highly invasive” because it gives a third party “control and access over a device and its most sensitive information, including user location, app use, email accounts, camera permissions, and browsing history.”

While

added that MDM has some legitimate uses, it also said the tech is extremely risky and can be exploited by hackers for malicious purposes.

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OurPact countered that, “This stands in contradiction to the fact that MDM technology was initially developed by

to ensure security of private data on remotely managed devices.”

OurPact points to "s own documentation, which states that MDM cannot see such personal data as emails, calendars, iMessages, device location, frequency of app use and more.

“To clarify this very important point,” the company wrote, “OurPact does not have access to any of this private information via MDM. It is impossible for us, hackers, or anybody else to obtain it.

is the only one who has access to and uses this data.”

OurPact went on to say that the sensitive information its own app collects - which includes a child"s name, age, gender, installed apps, and location - is the data it deems “absolutely necessary to provide our service,” and is only retained for “as short a period as possible.”

“By choice, we would never be in the unfortunate position of telling one of the most beloved companies in the world that they have made a mistake, but sometimes the truth has to be spoken to power....Given that there are no privacy issues with properly vetted MDM apps like OurPact being on the App Store, we humbly request that we are reinstated and allowed to continue providing our million users with the service they love and depend on.”

USA TODAY has reached out to

and is awaiting a comment on the OurPact response.

南都记者 张沛 收拾编译自 《纽约时报》 《今天美国》 interestingengineering.com

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